Can I have asp net core mvc and web api as single project

Introduction

ASP.NET is a popular programming language used for building web applications. One common question that arises among developers is whether it is possible to have ASP.NET Core MVC and Web API as a single project. In this article, we will explore this question and examples to demonstrate how it can be achieved.

Combining ASP.NET Core MVC and Web API

ASP.NET Core MVC and Web API are two different frameworks within ASP.NET Core. MVC is used for building web applications with a user , while Web API is used for building RESTful services. By default, these frameworks are separate and have their own project templates.

However, it is possible to combine ASP.NET Core MVC and Web API into a single project. This can be useful when you want to build a web application that also exposes a RESTful API for external clients to consume.

Let's consider an example where we want to build a simple blog application. We want to have a web interface for to view and create blog posts, as well as an API for external clients to retrieve blog posts.

To achieve this, we can by creating a new ASP.NET Core MVC project. This project will contain the necessary controllers, views, and models for the web interface. We can use the following code snippet to define our MVC routes and actions:


// MVC Routes
app.UseEndpoints( =>
{
    endpoints.MapControllerRoute(
        name: "default",
        pattern: "{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}");
});

Next, we can add a new folder to our project “Controllers” and create a new controller called “”. This controller will be responsible for API . We can use the following code snippet as an example:


using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;

namespace BlogApp.Controllers
{
    [ApiController]
    [Route("api/[controller]")]
    public class ApiController : ControllerBase
    {
        [HttpGet]
        public IActionResult Get()
        {
            // Retrieve blog posts from the database
            var posts = _dbContext.Posts.ToList();
            
            return Ok(posts);
        }
    }
}

In this example, we have defined a GET action that retrieves all the blog posts from the database and returns them as a JSON response.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it is possible to have ASP.NET Core MVC and Web API as a single project. By combining these frameworks, you can build web applications that also expose RESTful APIs. This can be useful when you want to provide both a web interface and an API for external clients to consume. By following the examples provided in this article, you can easily integrate MVC and Web API into your ASP.NET Core project.

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