Asp net core return json with status code

ASP.NET Core is a powerful framework for building web applications and APIs. One common requirement in web development is to return JSON data with an appropriate status code. In this article, we will explore how to achieve this using ASP.NET Core.

To begin with, let's a simple ASP.NET Core API project. Open Visual Studio and select “Create a new project”. the “ASP.NET Core Web Application” template and provide a name for your project. Select the “API” template and click on “Create”.

Once the project is , open the `Startup.cs` file. This file contains the for our application. In the `ConfigureServices` method, add the following code to enable JSON serialization:


services.AddControllers().AddJsonOptions(options =>
{
    options.JsonSerializerOptions.PropertyNamingPolicy = null;
    options.JsonSerializerOptions.DictionaryKeyPolicy = null;
});

This code configures the JSON serializer to preserve the original property names and dictionary keys.

Now, let's create an API endpoint that returns JSON data with a status code. Open the `WeatherForecastController.cs` file and add the following code:


[HttpGet]
public IActionResult Get()
{
    var data = new { Message = "Hello, ASP.NET Core!", Status = "Success" };
    return Ok(data);
}

In this , we define a GET endpoint that returns a JSON with a message and a status. The `Ok` method is used to return a 200 status code along with the JSON data.

Now, let's test our API endpoint. Build and run the project, and navigate to `https://localhost:5001/weatherforecast` in your browser. You should see the JSON data returned with a 200 status code.

Returning Different Status Codes

Sometimes, we may need to return different status codes based on certain . Let's modify our API endpoint to return a 404 status code if the data is not found. Update the code as follows:


[HttpGet]
public IActionResult Get()
{
    var data = GetData();
    
    if (data == null)
    {
        return NotFound();
    }
    
    return Ok(data);
}

In this example, we assume that the `GetData` method retrieves the data from a data source. If the data is not found, we return a 404 status code using the `NotFound` method.

Customizing JSON Serialization

ASP.NET Core provides various options to JSON serialization. Let's say we want to exclude certain properties from serialized. We can achieve this by using attributes. Update the code as follows:


public class Data
{
    public string Message { get; set; }
    
    [JsonIgnore]
    public string Status { get; set; }
}

[HttpGet]
public IActionResult Get()
{
    var data = new Data { Message = "Hello, ASP.NET Core!", Status = "Success" };
    return Ok(data);
}

In this example, we use the `[JsonIgnore]` attribute to exclude the `Status` property from being serialized. When we return the JSON data, the `Status` property will not be included.

Conclusion

In this article, we have explored how to return JSON data with status codes in ASP.NET Core. We have seen how to configure JSON serialization, return different status codes, and customize serialization using attributes. ASP.NET Core provides a flexible and powerful framework for building web applications and APIs, and returning JSON data is just one of the many features it offers.

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