Asp net mvc4 forms authentication

ASP.NET MVC4 Forms Authentication

ASP.NET is a popular programming language used for developing web applications. One of the key features of ASP.NET is its ability to handle user authentication and authorization. In this article, we will explore how to implement forms authentication in ASP.NET MVC4.

Forms authentication is a widely used method for authenticating users in web applications. It allows users to log in a username and password, and then grants them access to certain of the application based on their roles and permissions.

To implement forms authentication in ASP.NET MVC4, we need to follow a few steps. Let's dive into the details.

Step 1: Configure Forms Authentication

The first step is to configure forms authentication in the web.config file of your ASP.NET MVC4 application. Open the web.config file and locate the `` section. Add the following code inside the `` section:

“`csharp


“`

In the above code, we set the authentication mode to “Forms” and the login URL and timeout for the forms authentication.

Step 2: Create a Login View

Next, we need to create a login view where users can enter their credentials. In the Views folder of your MVC4 application, create a new folder called “Account” and inside that folder, add a new view called “Login.cshtml”. Here's an example of how the login view might look like:

“`csharp
@{
ViewBag.Title = “Login”;
}

Login

@using (Html.(“Login”, “Account”, FormMethod.Post))
{




}
“`

In the above code, we use the `Html.BeginForm` helper method to create a form that posts to the “Login” action method in the “Account” controller. The form contains input fields for the username and password, along with a submit button.

Step 3: Implement Login Action

Now, let's implement the “Login” action method in the “Account” controller. Open the “AccountController.cs” file in the Controllers folder and add the following code:

“`csharp
[]
public ActionResult Login(string username, string password)
{
if (IsValidUser(username, password))
{
FormsAuthentication.SetAuthCookie(username, false);
return RedirectToAction(“Index”, “Home”);
}
else
{
ModelState.AddModelError(“”, “ username or password”);
return View(“Login”);
}
}

private bool IsValidUser(string username, string password)
{
// Check if the username and password are valid
// You can implement your own logic here, such as a database

}
“`

In the above code, we define a `Login` action method that accepts the username and password as parameters. Inside the method, we check if the username and password are valid by calling the `IsValidUser` method. If the user is valid, we set an authentication cookie using the `FormsAuthentication.SetAuthCookie` method and the user to the home page. Otherwise, we add a model error and return the login view again.

Step 4: Authorized Actions

Finally, we need to protect the actions that require authentication. In your controllers, you can use the `[Authorize]` attribute to specify that only users can access a particular action. For example:

“`csharp
[Authorize]
public ActionResult MyProfile()
{
// Code to display the user's profile
return View();
}
“`

In the above code, the `MyProfile` action can only be accessed by authenticated users. If an unauthenticated user tries to access this action, they will be redirected to the login page.

Conclusion

In this article, we have explored how to implement forms authentication in ASP.NET MVC4. We learned how to configure forms authentication, create a login view, implement the login action, and protect authorized actions. By following these steps, you can easily add user authentication to your ASP.NET MVC4 application.

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