Asp net core web api authentication

Introduction

ASP.NET is a popular programming language used for building web applications. One common requirement in web development is implementing authentication for secure access to . In this article, we will explore how to implement authentication in an ASP.NET Core Web API.

ASP.NET Core Web API

ASP.NET Core is a cross-, open-source for building modern web applications. It provides a lightweight and modular approach to building web APIs. To get started, let's create a new ASP.NET Core Web API project.


// ASP.NET Core Web API project code

Authentication Middleware

ASP.NET Core provides built-in middleware for handling authentication. The authentication middleware is responsible for validating and authentication tokens. Let's add the authentication middleware to our project.


// Add authentication middleware to the project

Authentication Providers

ASP.NET Core supports various authentication providers, such as JWT, OAuth, and . These providers handle the authentication process and provide the necessary for validating credentials and generating tokens. Let's configure the JWT authentication provider.


// Configure JWT authentication provider

Once authentication is implemented, we need to define authorization rules to control access to resources. ASP.NET Core provides a flexible authorization framework that allows us to define policies and apply them to and actions. Let's define an authorization policy for our API.


// Define authorization policy

Securing API Endpoints

Now that we have authentication and authorization in place, we can secure our API endpoints. We can apply the authorization policy to specific controllers or actions to restrict access to authenticated users only. Let's secure an API endpoint with the authorization policy.


// Secure API endpoint with authorization policy

Conclusion

In this article, we explored how to implement authentication in an ASP.NET Core Web API. We learned about the authentication middleware, authentication providers, authorization, and securing API endpoints. By these steps, you can ensure secure access to your web API resources.

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