Asp net core ui for managing identity users and roles

ASP.NET is a popular programming language used for developing web applications. It provides a powerful framework for building dynamic and interactive websites. One of the key features of ASP.NET is its ability to manage identity users and roles. In this article, we will explore how to create a user interface (UI) for managing identity users and roles in ASP.NET Core.

To begin with, let's take a look at the basic structure of an ASP.NET Core application. The following code snippet shows the starting point of an ASP.NET Core application:


using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting;

public class Startup
{
    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
        services.AddControllersWithViews();
    }

    public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env)
    {
        if (env.IsDevelopment())
        {
            app.();
        }
        else
        {
            app.UseExceptionHandler("/Home/");
            app.UseHsts();
        }

        app.UseHttpsRedirection();
        app.UseStaticFiles();

        app.UseRouting();

        app.UseAuthorization();

        app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>
        {
            endpoints.MapControllerRoute(
                name: "default",
                pattern: "{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}");
        });
    }
}

In the above code, we have the `ConfigureServices` method we configure the services required by our application. Here, we are adding the `ControllersWithViews` service, which enables MVC (Model-View-Controller) pattern in our application.

Next, we have the `Configure` method where we define the middleware pipeline for our application. We can see that we are using various middleware components such as exception handling, , static files, routing, authorization, and endpoint .

Now, let's move on to creating the UI for managing identity users and roles. ASP.NET Core provides a built-in feature called Identity that simplifies user and authorization. To use this feature, we need to add the necessary packages and configure the Identity services in our application.

First, let's add the required packages to our . Open the `csproj` file of your ASP.NET Core application and add the following lines:



    
    
    

After adding the packages, we need to configure the Identity services in the `ConfigureServices` method of the `Startup` class. Here's an example of how to configure the Identity services:


public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    // Add Identity services
    services.AddIdentity()
        .AddEntityFrameworkStores()
        .AddDefaultTokenProviders();

    // Other service configurations
    services.AddControllersWithViews();
}

In the above code, we are using the `AddIdentity` method to configure the Identity services. We specify the types `IdentityUser` and `IdentityRole` as the user and role respectively. We also configure the storage provider using `AddEntityFrameworkStores` method, which requires an `ApplicationDbContext` class.

Now that we have configured the Identity services, we can create the UI for managing identity users and roles. ASP.NET Core provides scaffolding templates that generate the necessary code for managing identity. To generate the UI, open the command prompt and navigate to the project directory. Run the following command:

“`
dotnet aspnet-codegenerator identity -dc ApplicationDbContext –files “Account.Register;Account.Login;Account.Logout;Account.Manage;Account.ExternalLogin;Account.ConfirmEmail;Account.ForgotPassword;Account.ResetPassword;Account.AccessDenied;Account.Lockout;Account.LoginWith2fa;Account.LoginWithRecoveryCode;Account.RegisterConfirmation;Account.ResetPasswordConfirmation”
“`

This command will generate the necessary views and controllers for managing identity. You can customize these generated files as per your requirements.

In conclusion, ASP.NET Core provides a powerful framework for managing identity users and roles. By the Identity services and generating the UI using scaffolding templates, we can easily create a user interface for managing identity in our ASP.NET Core application.

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