Asp net identity vs simple membership pros and cons


When it comes to ASP.NET , developers often face the question of whether to use ASP.NET or Simple Membership. Both options have their own pros and cons, and it's important to understand them in order to make an informed . In this article, we will explore the differences between ASP.NET Identity and Simple Membership and provide examples to illustrate their usage.

ASP.NET Identity

ASP.NET Identity is a newer membership system introduced in ASP.NET MVC 5. It provides a more modern and flexible to authentication and authorization. ASP.NET Identity is built on top of the OWIN (Open Web Interface for .NET) middleware and supports various authentication methods, including username/password, social logins, and two-factor authentication.

// Example of ASP.NET Identity usage
public class  : 
     readonly UserManager _userManager;
    private readonly SignInManager _signInManager;

    public AccountController(UserManager userManager, SignInManager signInManager)
        _userManager = userManager;
        _signInManager = signInManager;

    //  action
    public async Task Register(RegisterViewModel model)
        // Code for user registration using ASP.NET Identity

    // Login action
    public async Task Login(LoginViewModel model)
        // Code for user login using ASP.NET Identity

Simple Membership

Simple Membership is an older membership system that was introduced in earlier versions of ASP.NET MVC. It provides a simpler and more straightforward approach to authentication and authorization. Simple Membership uses the ASP.NET Membership and supports basic authentication methods, such as username/password.

// Example of Simple Membership usage
public class AccountController : Controller
    private readonly WebSecurity _webSecurity;

    public AccountController()
        _webSecurity = new WebSecurity();

    // Registration action
    public ActionResult Register(RegisterViewModel model)
        // Code for user registration using Simple Membership

    // Login action
    public ActionResult Login(LoginViewModel model)
        // Code for user login using Simple Membership

Pros and Cons

Now let's discuss the pros and cons of using ASP.NET Identity and Simple Membership.

ASP.NET Identity Pros:

  • Modern and flexible authentication system
  • Supports various authentication methods
  • Integration with OWIN middleware
  • Provides features like social logins and two-factor authentication

ASP.NET Identity Cons:

  • Requires additional setup and configuration
  • Learning curve for developers unfamiliar with OWIN middleware

Simple Membership Pros:

  • Simple and straightforward authentication system
  • Easy to set up and configure
  • Well-documented and widely used

Simple Membership Cons:

  • Lacks some advanced features provided by ASP.NET Identity
  • May not be suitable for complex authentication requirements


Choosing between ASP.NET Identity and Simple Membership depends on the specific requirements of your project. If you need a modern and flexible authentication system with advanced features, ASP.NET Identity is the way to go. However, if you prefer a simpler and straightforward approach, Simple Membership can be a good choice. Consider the pros and cons discussed in this article and make an informed decision based on your project's needs.

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