Asp net core api service lifetime

Understanding ASP.NET Core API Service Lifetime

When developing an ASP.NET Core API, it is crucial to understand the concept of service lifetime. Service lifetime refers to how long an instance of a service is kept in memory and when it is and disposed of. This knowledge is essential for managing resources efficiently and ensuring the proper functioning of your application.

In ASP.NET Core, there are three main service lifetimes: transient, scoped, and singleton. Let's explore each of them in detail.

Transient Lifetime

A transient service is created each time it is requested. This means that a new instance of the service is created for every request or usage. Transient services are suitable for lightweight and that don't require long-term .


services.AddTransient();

In the above example, we a transient service called MyService that implements the IMyService interface. Every time IMyService is requested, a new instance of MyService will be created.

Scoped Lifetime

A scoped service is created once per request or usage within a specific scope. The scope can be thought of as a boundary within which the service instance is shared. Scoped services are suitable for operations that require statefulness within a specific context, such as database connections or unit of work patterns.


services.AddScoped();

In the above example, we register a scoped service called MyScopedService that implements the IMyScopedService interface. Within a specific scope, such as a request, the same instance of MyScopedService will be shared.

Singleton Lifetime

A singleton service is created once and shared all requests or usages throughout the application's lifetime. This means that the same instance of the service is used by all consumers. Singleton services are suitable for stateless operations or services that need to maintain across multiple requests.


services.AddSingleton();

In the above example, we register a singleton service called MySingletonService that implements the IMySingletonService interface. The same instance of MySingletonService will be shared across all requests or usages.

Choosing the Service Lifetime

Choosing the service lifetime depends on the specific requirements of your application. Here are some guidelines to help you make the right decision:

  • Use transient services for lightweight and stateless operations.
  • Use scoped services for operations that require statefulness within a specific context.
  • Use singleton services for stateless operations or services that need to maintain state across multiple requests.

By understanding and correctly implementing service lifetimes in your ASP.NET Core API, you can optimize usage and ensure the efficient functioning of your application.

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